5S现场管理培训课件

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitaliza tion of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating t ransformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. E ducati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new developm ent concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

5S 的起源
1.5S 的沿革 5S 起源于日本,是指在生产现场中对人员、机器、材料、方法等生产要素进行有效的 管理,这是日本企业独特的一种管理办法。 1955 年,日本的 5S 的宣传口号为“安全始于整理,终于整理整顿” 。当时只推行了前 两个 S,其目的仅为了确保作业空间和安全。后因生产和品质控制的需要而又逐步提出了 3S,也就是清扫、清洁、修养,从而使应用空间及适用范围进一步拓展,到了 1986 年,日 本的 5S 的著作逐渐问世,从而对整个现场管理模式起到了冲击的作用,并由此掀起了 5S 的热潮。 2.5S 的发展 日本式企业将 5S 运动作为管理工作的基础,推行各种品质的管理手法,第二次世界大 战后,产品品质得以迅速地提升,奠定了经济大国的地位,而在丰田公司的倡导推行下,5S 对于塑造企业的形象、降低成本、准时交货、安全生产、高度的标准化、创造令人心旷神怡 的工作场所、现场改善等方面发挥了巨大作用,逐渐被各国的管理界所认识。随着世界经济 的发展,5S 已经成为工厂管理的一股新潮流。 根据企业进一步发展的需要,有的公司在原来 5S 的基础上又增加了节约(Save)及安全 (Safety)这两个要素,形成了“7S";也有的企业加上习惯化(Shiukanka)、服务(Service)及坚 持(Shikoku),形成了“10S".但是万变不离其宗,所谓“7S"、 “10S"都是从“5S"里衍生出来 的。

5S 的含义
5S 是日文 SEIRI(整理)、 SEITON(整顿)、 SEISO(清扫)、 SEIKETSU(清洁)、 SHITSUKE(修 养)这五个单词,因为五个单词前面发音都是“S” ,所以统称为“5S” 。它的具体类型内容和 典型的意思就是倒掉垃圾和仓库长期不要的东西。 ■整理 就是区分必需和非必需品,现场不放置非必需品: △将混乱的状态收拾成井然有序的状态 △5S 管理是为了改善企业的体质 △整理也是为了改善企业的体质 ■整顿就是能在 30 秒内找到要找的东西,将寻找必需品的时间减少为零: △能迅速取出 △能立即使用 △处于能节约的状态 ■清扫 将岗位保持在无垃圾、无灰尘、干净整洁的状态, 清扫的对象: △地板、天花板、墙壁、工具架、橱柜等 △机器、工具、测量用具等 ■清洁 将整理、整顿、清扫进行到底,并且制度化;管理公开化,透明化。 ■修养 对于规定了的事,大家都要认真地遵守执行。 △典型例子就是要求严守标准,强调的是团队精神 △养成良好的 5S 管理的习惯 具体的内容见下表
表 1-1 中文 日文 5S 含义表 英文 典型例子

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blin dly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication povert y eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uc h as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the C ounty (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d i ndustrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous det ermination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opport unities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, fo cusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementat i on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriat e a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t ha t new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

整理

SEIRI

Organization

倒掉垃圾、 长期不用的东 西放仓库

整顿

SEITON

Neatness

30 秒内就可找到要找的 东西

清扫

SEISO

Cleaning

谁使用谁负责清洁(管 理)

清洁 修养

SEIKETSU SHITSUKE

Stangardisation Discipline and training

管理的公开化、透明化 严守标准、团队精神

5S 活动不仅能改善生活环境,还可以提高生产效率,提升产品的品质、服务水准,将 整理、 整顿、 清扫进行到底,并且给予制度化等等,这些都是为了减少浪费,提高工作效率, 也是其它管理活动有效展开的基础。 在没有推行 5S 的工厂,每个岗位都有可能会出现各种各样不规范或不整洁的现象,如 垃圾、油漆、铁锈等满地都是,零件、纸箱胡乱搁在地板上,人员、车辆都在狭窄的过道上 穿插而行。轻则找不到自己要找的东西,浪费大量的时间;重则导致机器破损,如不对其进 行有效的管理,即使是最先进的设备,也会很快地加入不良器械的行列而等待维修或报废。 员工在这样杂乱不洁而又无人管理的环境中工作,有可能是越干越没劲,要么得过且 过,过一天算一天,要么就是另寻它途。 对于这样的工厂,即使不断地引进很多先进优秀的管理方法也不见得会有什么显著的 效果,要想彻底改变这种状况就必须从简单实用的 5S 开始,从基础抓起。 前面阐述了 5S 的基本含义,可是在实际推行的过程中,很多人却常常混淆了整理、整 顿,清扫和清洁等概念,为了使 5S 喜闻乐见,得以迅速地推广传播,很多推行者想了各种 各样的方法来帮助理解记忆,如漫画、顺口溜或看板等。 为了方便大家记忆,可以用下面几句顺口溜来描述: ●整理:要与不要,一留一弃; ●整顿:科学布局,取用快捷; ●清扫:清除垃圾,美化环境; ●清洁:洁净环境,贯彻到底; ●修养:形成制度,养成习惯。 【自检】
当今社会,无论在公司 ,还是在社会生活中, “教养”越来越受到重视, “文化教养”往往成为评价 一个人层次如何的最重要的一个标准。你认为从业人员应该具备哪些良好的教养呢?

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5S 是企业管理的基础
作为企业,实行优质管理,创造最大的利润和社会效益是一个永恒的目标。而优质管 理具体说来,在以下这些方面有独到之处: Q(quality:品质)、C(cost:成本) D(delivery:交期)、S(service:服务) T(technology:技术)、M(management:管理) Q(quality)品质品质是指产品的性能、价格比的高低,是产品本身所固有的特性,好的 品质是赢得顾客信赖的基础,5S 能确保生产过程的迅速化,规范化,能十分有效地为好的 品质打下坚实的基础。 C(cost)成本随着产品的成熟、成本趋向的稳定,在相同的品质之下,谁的成本越低,谁

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty allevia tion and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt ph ilos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

的产品竞争力相应地也就越强,谁就有生存下去的可能。5S 可以减少各种浪费,避免不均 衡,大幅度地提高效率,从而达到成本的最优化。 D(delivery)交货的期限,简称为交期为了适应社会的需要,大批量生产已成为个性化生 产,多品种而又少批量地生产,只有弹性的机动灵活的生产才能适应交期的需要,交期体现 了公司的适应能力的高低。5S 是一种有效的预防方法,能及时地发现异常,减少问题的发 生,保证准时交货。 S(service)服务众所周知,服务是赢得客源的重要的手段,通过 5S 可以大大地提高员工 的敬业精神和工作乐趣,使他们更乐于为客人提供优质的服务。另外通过 5S 还可以提高行 政效率,减少无谓的“确诊” ,可以让顾客感到快捷和方便,提高顾客的满意度。 T(technology)简称技术未来的竞争是科技的竞争,谁能够掌握高新技术,谁就更具备竞 争力,而 5S 通过标准化来优化、累计技术并减少开发成本,能加快开发的速度。 M(management)管理管理是一个广义的范畴。狭义可分为对人员、设备、材料、方法等 四方面的管理。只有通过科学化、效能化的管理,才能够达到人员、设备、材料、方法的最 优化,综合利润最大化,5S 是实行科学管理的最基本的要求。一个企业通过推进 5S 活动, 就可以有效地将品质、成本、交期、服务、技术、管理等六大要素都达到最佳的状态,最终 能实现企业的竞争方针与目标。所以说 5S 是现代企业管理的关键和基础。

图 1-1

现代企业之屋

5S 的说明书
1.5S 的性能 5S 很像是一种广谱抗菌药,它能十分有效地治疗企业里的各种不良状况的“疾病” ,长 期服用 ,能极大地提高免疫力,预防疾病的发生。本品无任何副作用。 主要成分 整理 整顿 清扫 清洁 修养 ●适用范围: △生产车间、宿舍房间、仓库、办公室、公共场所; △公共事务、供水、供电、道路交通管理等; △社会道德、人员思想意识的管理。 ●作用:(消除各种问题(隐患),强壮企业的 “体魄” ,提高免疫力。 ●用法:内外兼服。 ●用量:遵医嘱。 ●注意事项: 一旦开始服药,请不要中途停止。 一个企业,如何让它不下滑,必须要有一个支撑点,而这个支撑点称为止动力,另外 一种力量叫拉力,如何让一个企业能逐步地向前进,后面应有一种止动力,而前面必须有一 种拉力,这个企业才会往上走。那怎样正确地使用止动力,又如何最有效地运用这种拉力,

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nt s of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge resear ch, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyme nt, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd to wns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble f or resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassro ots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d i ndustrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous det ermination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opport unities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, fo cusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementat i on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriat e a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t ha t new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

是这个企业管理中的最重要的一个基础要素,5S 的作用就是能彻底消除各种问题的隐患, 强壮企业的“体魄” ,提高免疫力。它的主要作用有下列6种: 2.5S 的主要功用 (1) 让客户留下深刻的印象; (2) 节约成本,实施了 5S 的场所就是节约的场所; (3) 缩短交货期; (4) 可以使我们的工作场所的安全系数十分有效地增大; (5) 可以推进标准化的建立; (6) 通过 5S 可以极大地提高全体员工的士气。 【自检】
检查一下在我们的企业中,是否存在以下现象,它所造成的后果是什么,应采取什么对策? 存在现象 (1)作业流程不畅,搬运距离过长且通道 被阻 (2)工装夹具随地乱放 (3)物品堆放杂乱,良品与不良品混杂, 成品与半成品很难区分 (4)私人物品随意摆放,员工频繁走动 (5)机器设备保养不良,故障多 (6)地面脏污,设施破旧,灯光灰暗 (7)物品因没有标识而时常误送误用 (8)管理气氛紧张,员工都无所适从 产生后果 规避办法

【本讲总结】 企业在未来的激烈竞争过程中,不进则退,要想使企业不走下坡路,少走弯路,必须 通过一种力量,这种力量就是止动力,还有拉力。有了止动力,再加上拉力,才能使企业卓 有成效地逐步提升。另外就是要让企业贯彻到底实施标准化,即整理、整顿、清扫、清洁、 修养,增加了这五种力量,事业才能更上一层楼。 5S 是现场管理的基础,但 5S 并非仅仅是在企业或工厂才要做的活动。事实上,个人、 家庭 、企业或工厂以及社会等多种层面都可以实施 5S 活动。 【心得体会】 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

5S 的主要功用
(1) (2) (3) (4) 让客户留下深刻的印象; 节约成本,实施了 5S 的场所就是节约的场所; 缩短交货期; 可以使我们的工作场所的安全系数十分有效地增大;

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty allevia tion and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt ph ilos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

(5) 可以推进标准化的建立; (6) 通过 5S 可以极大地提高全体员工的士气。

推行 5S 的八大目的
做一件事情,有时非常顺利,然而有时却非常棘手,这就需要 5S 来帮助我们分析、判 断、处理所存在的各种问题。实施 5S,能为我们的公司带来巨大的好处,可以改善企业的 品质,提高生产力,降低成本,确保准时交货,同时还能确保安全生产并能保持并不断增强 员工们高昂的士气。 因此,企业有人、物、事等三方面安全的三安原则,才能确保安全生产并能保持员工 们高昂的士气。一个生产型的企业,人员的安全受到威胁,生产的安全受到影响,物品的安 全受到影响,那么人心就会惶惶不安,员工就会大量流失,就会影响到企业的生产、经营及 经济效率, 使企业严重地缺乏甚而根本没有凝聚力和向心力而如同一盘散沙, 导致企业濒临 破产,甚至分崩离析。所以,一个企业要想改善和不断地提高企业形象,就必须推行 5S 计 划。推行 5S 最终要达到八大目的: 1.改善和提高企业形象 整齐、整洁的工作环境,容易吸引顾客,让顾客心情舒畅;同时,由于口碑的相传, 企业会成为其它公司的学习榜样,从而能大大提高企业的威望。 2.促成效率的提高 良好的工作环境和工作氛围,再加上很有修养的合作伙伴,员工们可以集中精神,认 认真真地干好本职工作,必然就能大大地提高效率。试想,如果员工们始终处于一个杂乱无 序的工作环境中,情绪必然就会受到影响。情绪不高,干劲不大,又哪来的经济效益?所以 推动 5S,是促成效率提高的有效途径之一。 3.改善零件在库周转率 需要时能立即取出有用的物品,供需间物流通畅,就可以极大地减少那种寻找所需物 品时,所滞留的时间。因此,能有效地改善零件在库房中的周转率。 4.减少直至消除故障,保障品质 优良的品质来自优良的工作环境。工作环境,只有通过经常性的清扫、点检和检查, 不断地净化工作环境,才能有效地避免污损东西或损坏机械,维持设备的高效率,提高生产 品质。 5.保障企业安全生产 整理、整顿、清扫,必须做到储存明确,东西摆在定位上物归原位,工作场所内都应 保持宽敞、明亮,通道随时都是畅通的,地上不能摆设不该放置的东西,工厂有条不紊,意 外事件的发生自然就会相应地大为减少,当然安全就会有了保障。 6.降低生产成本 第六个目的,强调的是降低生产成本。一个企业通过实行或推行 5S,它就能极大地减 少人员、设备、场所、时间等这几个方面的浪费,从而降低生产成本。 7.改善员工的精神面貌,使组织活力化 第七个目的,可以明显地改善员工的精神面貌,使组织焕发一种强大的活力。员工都 有尊严和成就感,对自己的工作尽心尽力,并带动改善意识形态。 8.缩短作业周期,确保交货 推动 5S,通过实施整理、整顿、清扫、清洁来实现标准的管理,企业的管理就会一目 了然,使异常的现象很明显化,人员、设备、时间就不会造成浪费。企业生产能相应地非常 顺畅,作业效率必然就会提高,作业周期必然相应地缩短,确保交货日期万无一失了。 一个企业如果全力地推动 5S,就可以培养员工的主动性和积极性,从而能有效地降低
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nt s of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge resear ch, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyme nt, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd to wns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble f or resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassro ots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d i ndustrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous det ermination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opport unities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, fo cusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementat i on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriat e a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t ha t new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

生产成本,改善零件在库房中的周转率,促进效率的提高;就可以提高管理的水平,改善企 业的经营状况。即推行 5S,第二个层面就是都能给人和设备创造一种十分适宜的环境。 最后要让企业组织的每个成员都能由内而外地散发出团队及合作精神。精神面貌的改 善就能使企业的形象得到提升,就会形成一种自主改善的机制。 【自检】
5S 活动的目的,归根结底就是:①为了培养员工的积极性和主动性;②创造人和设备皆宜的环境;③ 培养团队及合作精神。作为企业中的一员,你如何通过自己的言行举止,为贯彻和推行 5S 来作出自己的 努力呢?

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 推行 5S 活动的目的,具体见下图:

图 2-1

5S 活动目的示意图

推行 5S 的八大作用
推行 5S 有八个作用:亏损、不良、浪费、故障、切换产品时间、事故、投诉、缺陷等 8 个方面都为零,有人称之为“八零工厂” 。 1.亏损为零——5S 是最佳的推销员 在日本有这么一句话,5S 是最佳的推销员。 这个企业至少在行业内,被称之为最干净和整洁的代表。 没有缺陷,没有所谓的不良,配合度非常好的声誉,口碑在客户之间相传,忠实的客 户就会越来越多。 知名度也会提高,很多人都会慕名来参观你的企业。 人们都会抢着购买这家工厂所生产的产品。 整理、整顿、清扫、清洁和修养维持得很好,相应地就会形成一种习惯。以整洁作为 追求目标之一的工厂具有更大的发展空间。

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty allevia tion and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt ph ilos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

2.不良为零——5S 是品质零缺陷的护航者 产品严格地按标准要求进行生产。 干净整洁的生产场所可以有效地大大提高员工的品质意识。 机械设备的正常使用和保养,可以大为减少次品的产生。 员工应明了并做到事先就预防发生问题,而不能仅盯在出现问题后的处理上。 环境整洁有序,异常现象一眼就可以发现。 3.浪费为零——5S 是节约能手 5S 的推动能减少库存量,排除过剩的生产,避免零件及半成品、成品的库存过多。若 工厂内没有 5S,则势必因零件及半成品、成品的库存过多而造成积压,甚而致使销售和生 产的循环过程流通不畅,最终企业的销售利润和经济效益的预期目标将难以实现。 避免库房、货架或货架以外“天棚”的过剩。 避免踏板、台车、叉车等搬运工具的过剩。 避免购置不必要的机器、设备。 4.故障为零——5S 是交货期的保证 工厂无尘化。 无碎屑、屑块、油漆,经常擦拭和进行维护保养,机械使用率会提高。 模具、工装夹具管理良好,调试寻找故障的时间会减少,设备才能稳定,它的综合效 能就可以大幅度地提高。 每日的检查可以防患于未然。 5.切换产品时间为零——5S 是高效率的前提 模具、夹具、工具经过整顿随时都可以拿到,不需费时寻找,它可以节省时间。要知 道在当前这个时代,时间就是金钱和高效率。 整洁规范的工厂机器正常运作,作业效率可以大幅度地提升。 彻底贯彻 5S,让初学者和新人一看就懂,一学就会。 6.事故为零——5S 是安全的软件设备 整理、整顿后,通道和休息场所都不会被占用。 工作场所的宽敞明亮使物流一目了然,人车分流,道路通畅,减少事故。 危险操作警示明确,员工能正确地使用保护器具,不会违规作业。 所有的设备都进行清洁、检修、预防、发现存在的问题,消除了安全隐患。 消防设施的齐备,灭火器放置定位,逃生路线明确,万一发生火灾或者地震,员工的 生命安全必然会有所保障。 7.投诉为零——5S 是标准化的推动者 海尔有这么一句话:日事日毕、日清日高 人们能正确地执行各种规章制度,去任何岗位都能规范地作业,明白工作该怎么做; 工作既方便又舒适,而且每天都有所改善,并有所进步; 每天都在清点、打扫、进步。 8.缺勤为零——5S 可以创造出快乐的工作岗位 一目了然的工作场所,没有浪费,无勉强而不拘束,岗位明确、干净,没有灰尘、垃 圾; 工作已成为一种乐趣,员工不会无缘无故地旷工。 通过 5S,企业能健康而稳定地发展,逐渐发展成为对地区有贡献,甚至成为世界级的 企业。 通过推行 5S,使企业能快速健康地发展。至少能达到四个相关的满意。

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nt s of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge resear ch, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyme nt, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd to wns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble f or resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassro ots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d i ndustrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous det ermination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opport unities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, fo cusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementat i on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriat e a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t ha t new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

图 2-2

四个相关满意图

△投资者满意(IS──Investor Satisfaction) 即通过 5S,使企业达到更高的生产及管理境界,投资者可以获得更大的利润和回报。 △客户满意(CS──Customer Satisfaction) 表现为高质量、低成本、交期准、技术水平高、生产弹性高等特点。 △雇员满意(ES──Employ Satisfaction) 效益好,员工生活富裕,人性化管理使每一个员工都可获得安全、尊重和成就感。 △社会满意(SS──Society Satisfaction) 企业对区域有杰出的贡献,热心于公益事业,支持环境保护,这样的企业有良好的社 会形象。总之,推动 5S 应该把握三个原则: ●每一个员工都能做好自我管理。 ●每一个员工都能节省进而根除浪费,养成勤俭创业的好习惯。 ●每一个员工感觉到推动 5S,只有持之以恒才能见效。 【自检】
作为一个企业,怎样做方能达到使投资者满意,让客户放心,雇员满意,最终达到让社会满意的程度?

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 【本讲总结】 实施 5S 活动,确实能给公司带来巨大的好处。一个实施了 5S 的企业,可以降低生产 成本,提高工作效率,确保企业的安全生产并能鼓舞员工士气,还可以不断地改善和提高企 业的整体形象,增强企业活力,提高企业在国内外市场的竞争力。因此,推行 5S 活动,进 行规范化的管理经营活动,是企业存在、发展和壮大的有效途径之一。 【心得体会】 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

5S 之间的关系
1.5 个 S 的关系 整理、整顿、清扫、清洁、修养,这五个 S 并不是各自独立,互不相关的。它们之间 是一种相辅相成,缺一不可的关系。 整理是整顿的基础,整顿又是整理的巩固,清扫是显现整理、整顿的效果,而通过清 洁和修养,则使企业形成一个所谓整体的改善气氛。 2.5 个 S 之间的关系可以用几句口诀来表达

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty allevia tion and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt ph ilos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

●只有整理没有整顿,物品真难找得到, ●只有整顿没有整理,无法取舍乱糟糟, ●只有整理、整顿没清扫,物品使用不可靠, ●3S 之效果怎保证,清洁出来献一招, ●标准作业练修养,公司管理水平高。 【自检】
5S 之间的各个要素是一种什么关系?怎样才能创造一个干净、整洁、舒适、合理的工作环境场所和空 间环境?

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

图 3-1

5S 关系图

3.5S 的目标 5个 S 的目标是通过消除组织的浪费现象和推行持续改善,使得公司管理维持在一个 理想的水平,通过整理、整顿、清扫、清洁、修养,这五个 S 综合地来推荐各有侧重,相 辅相成,效果就会更佳。
表 3-1 概要 整 理 △发生源对 策 △层别管理 目的 △没有无用品、多余的物品 △尽可能地减少半成品的库 存数量 △减少架子、箱子、盒子等 5S 推行目的与活动例表 活动例 △清除无用品,采取发生源对策 △明确原则,果断消除无用的物品 △防止污染源的发生 △推进组织编排系统, 确保空间并逐渐 扩大 整 顿 △有效、整 齐地保管物 品 △无寻找时 间 △做到必要时能立即取出需 要的物品 △决定正确的存放布局,以 便充分地利用狭窄的场所 △在提高工作效率的同时创 造安全的工作环境 清 扫 △清扫、点 检 △环境的近 况 △维护机修设备的精度,减 少故障的发生 △创造清洁的工作场所,早 些发现设备的不完善 △及时采取措施的体制 清 洁 △一目了然 的管理 △创造一个舒适的工作环境 △持续不断地整理、整顿, △强化功用设备的维护和管理 △努力使异常现象明显化并通过观察 △高功能地保管和布局 △创造整洁的工作环境, 创造高功能的 (质量、效率、安全)物品存放的方法 和布局 △彻底进行定点存放管理, 减少寻找物 品的时间 △通过高功能的要求,清洁化,实现无 垃圾,无污垢 △维持设备的高效率, 提高产品的质量 △强化对发生源的储备对策

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nt s of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge resear ch, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyme nt, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd to wns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble f or resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassro ots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d i ndustrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous det ermination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opport unities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, fo cusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementat i on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriat e a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t ha t new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

△标准化的 管理 修 养 △培养良好 的习惯 △创造有规 律的工作环 境

以保持或保障安全、卫生

而进行管理

△创造能赢得顾客信赖的关 系

△创造距离良好的工作场所 △培养各种良好的礼节, 养成遵守集体 决定事项的习惯

由此可见:一个企业,只有全面地推行 5S,才能取得显著的成效,从而提高管理水平。

5S 与其它活动的关系
也许很多人会问,5S 既然如此地重要,那它与TQM(全面质量管理) ,TPM(全员生 产性维护)又有什么关系呢? 5S 是管理的基础,是全年生产性维护的前提,是 TQM 的第一步,也可以再深一层地 说,它是推行 ISO9000 的结晶。公司任何的活动,如果有了 5S 的推动,就能收到事半功 倍的效果,5S 都推行不了的企业,一定无法成功地进行其它活动。 1.营造整体氛围 一个企业,无论是导入全面的体制管理,还是要推动 ISO 认证,TPM 管理,在导入这 些办法的契机中,如果没有先行掀起 5S,或推行 5S,或推行其它方法的活动,就很难起到 良好的促进作用。推动 5S 可以营造一种整体的氛围,5S 能映照一种让一个组织或一个企业 的每一个人都养成一种习惯并积极地参与。 每一件事情都有忠实的标准和良好的氛围, 企业 去推行 ISO,再去推动 TQM,或推动 TPM,就能很容易地获得员工的支持与配合,也有利 于调动员工的积极性来形成强大的推动力。 2.体现效果,增强信心 推动 5S,与其它 ISO、TQM、TPM 的关系可以体现出一种效果,也可以增强员工对企 业的信心。大家都知道,实施 ISO,实施 TQM 或者是 TPM 的活动,它的效果是一种隐蔽 和长期性的,一时难以看到的,而 5S 的推动,它的效果则是立竿见影的,如果在推行 ISO、 TQM、TTM的活动的过程中,先导入了 5S,可以在短期内获得显著效果来增强企业员工 的信心。 3.5S 为相关活动打下坚实的基础 5S 为相关活动打下坚实的基础。 5S 是现场管理的基础, 5S 水平的高低代表着现场管理 水平的高低,而现场管理的水平高低则制约着 ISO、TTM、TQM 活动能否顺利地推动或 推行。所以只有通过 5S 的推行和活动,从现场管理着手,来改进企业的体制,才能够起到 事半功倍的效果。 由此可见,在实施 ISO、TTM、TQM 的企业中推行 5S 的活动,等于为相关活动提供 了肥沃的土壤,提供了强而有力的保障。

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty allevia tion and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt ph ilos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

图 3-2

5S 运动与相关活动的关系图

5S 的六大效能
■提升企业形象 ■减少浪费 推动 5S 的效能是减少浪费:人员、场地、场所、时间等各方面的浪费都减少了。 【管理名言】
减少浪费就是降低成本,成本降低自然而然就增加了利润。

■提升员工的归属感 企业推动了整理、整顿、清扫、清洁,使每个员工的素质都提高了。修养提升了,他 就会有尊严,他会认为呆在这样的企业里,有一种优越感和成就感,必然对这个企业产生一 种凝聚力。当企业出现问题,他会主动地指出问题并积极寻找问题的起因和解决办法。他还 会主动、积极、自发、负责地为本企业的不断发展壮大付出自己的全部心血和精力。爱他的 岗位就像爱他自己一样,他会献出他的爱心,会安心地在这个企业工作,从而提升了员工的 归属感。 ■安全有保障 企业在推动 5S 的过程中,通过整理、整顿、清扫、清洁与修养的提升,这个企业的浪 费、缺陷为零,效率提高了,它的安全自然相应地也有保障。工作场所还非常地宽敞、明亮, 通道畅通,安全就会有保障。 ■效率提升 一个好的工作环境,是每个员工都主动、自发地,把需要的东西留下,不需要的东西 都丢掉,或者说,把它存放起来,通过整顿,每样东西都摆得井井有序,通道畅通,从而创 造一个良好的工作环境。 一个人在良好的工作环境中工作,自然就能相应地提升工作情绪。提升了工作情绪, 再加上有好的工作环境、工作气氛,有了高素质并有修养的伙伴,彼此之间的团队精神和士 气自然也能相应地得到提高了,物品摆放有序了,而且拿东西不用找来找去,时间不会丝毫 的浪费,所以效率必然也就提升了。 ■品质有保障 通过这些好的工作环境、气氛,不断地养成一种习惯,这样就能使产品的品质有了保 证的基础。 有 5S 做基础,通过整理、整顿、清扫、清洁、修养,企业必然能很快地茁壮成长。而 在茁壮成长的过程中,企业会去通过 ISO、全面质量、全面品质等这几方面的管理,甚至是 及时地管理,企业产生的效能、形象都会提升、而浪费大为减少,安全会有保证,员工的归 属和生产效率自然就会提升,产品的品质就会有保障。 【本讲总结】 一个企业, 只有全面地推行 5S 管理, 才能取得显著的成效并提高企业的经营管理水平。 5S 的整顿、整理、清扫、清洁、修养,这五者并不是相互对立,互不相关的,它们之间是 一种相辅相成,互为作用的关系。这五个要素缺一不可。 【心得体会】 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nt s of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge resear ch, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyme nt, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd to wns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble f or resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassro ots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d i ndustrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous det ermination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opport unities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, fo cusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementat i on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriat e a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t ha t new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

我是书签符
第4讲
【本讲重点】
整理的含义 整理的作用 整理的推行要领 推行整理的步骤 具体实例

8 月 7 日培训结束处
整理的推进重点

整理的含义
将必需与非必需品区分开,在岗位上只放必需物品。

图 4-1

整理含义图

特别说明: 如果您的工作岗位堆满了非必需物品,就会导致您的必需物品反而无 处摆放;您可能希望增加一张工作台来堆放必需品,这样一来必然造成不 必要的浪费,二来更形成了后果严重的恶性循环。

整理的作用
1.整理的作用 ●能使现场无杂物,过道通畅,增大作业空间,提高工作效率; ●减少碰撞,保障生产安全,提高产品质量; ●消除混杂材料的差错; ●有利于减少库存,节约资金; ●使员工心情舒畅,工作热情高涨。 2.因缺乏整理会造成的各种浪费 ●空间造成浪费; ●零件或产品因为过期而不能使用,造成了资金浪费; ●因场所狭窄,物品时常不断地移动,造成了工时浪费; ●管理非必需品的场地和人力浪费,花时间去管那些没有必要的东西,就会造成场地 和人力资源的浪费; ●库存管理以及盘点,造成时间浪费。

整理的推行要领
一是:马上要用的,暂时不用的,先把它区别开。一时用不着的,甚至长期不用的要 区分对待。即便是必需品也要适量; 二是:将必需品的适量降到最低的程度;
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty allevia tion and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt ph ilos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

三是:对可有可无的物品,不管是谁买的,无论有多昂贵,都应坚决地处理掉,绝不 能手软! 3.如何区分必需和非必需物品呢? 所谓必需物品,是指经常必须使用的物品,如果没有它,就必须购入替代品,否则就 会影响工作。非必需品则可分为两种: (1)使用周期较长的物品,即一个月,三个月,甚至半年才使用一次的物品;如样品、 图纸、零配件等; (2)对目前的生产或工作无任何作用的,需要报废的物品。它又包括以下两种: ①非必需用品:如钉钉子的铁锤,可能不是每天要用,也不可能是每周都要用,但它 可能每隔一段时间或每个月会用到一两次, 也许半年或一年才会用到几次, 就叫做非必需用 品; ②不能用的物品:如过期的图纸、样品,处理方法只有一种,就是放在仓库。有一种 东西,是必须要封存的,一年或两年才会用到的,像这一类的东西应放在仓库里封存。同时 把非必需用品摆在库里后,要建立一个档案,并定期地检查。如图示:

那么,必需物品的使用频率可能是每小时或每天都要用,也可能每一周都要用,凡是 它的使用频率为每小时或每天及每周都要用到的,就称为必需用品。 它的处理方法就是放在工作台上,或是随身携带。如笔就是我们经常要用的必需用品。 如图示:

【自检】
请检查一下你的办公室或者家里,哪些是必需物品,哪些是非必需品?对非必需品,你是如何进行妥 善处理?你又如何摆放它的顺序?

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

推行整理的步骤
在推行整理的过程中,要增加场地的空间,把东西整理好,把必需品和非必需品区分 开,将工作的场所整理干净了。如果还把不必要的物品也整齐地与必需品摆在一起,那就会 很容易弄不清所需要的物品应是哪一个, 而且还会因放置了不必要的物品而放不下必需的物 品。 推行整理的步骤: 第一步:现场检查 第二步:区分必需和非必需品 第三步:清理非必需品 第四步:非必需品的处理 第五步:每天循环整理 现场检查 对工作场所要进行全面性的检查,包括眼睛看到的和看不到的地方。例如,设备的内 部,文件柜的顶部,桌子的底部位置。 特别是设备,一个大机械设备, 它的内部是看不见的, 文件柜的底部,桌子的底部,这些都是现场检查时应特别需要注意的地方。归纳起来就是两 点:看得见的要整理,看不到的更要进行整理。
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nt s of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge resear ch, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyme nt, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd to wns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble f or resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassro ots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d i ndustrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous det ermination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opport unities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, fo cusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementat i on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriat e a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t ha t new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

区分必需品与非必需品 管理必需品和清除非必需品同样重要。首先要判断这个东西的重要性是什么?然后根 据此物的使用频率来决定它的管理方法。如果是一支笔,它的使用频率是每天、每周或者每 个小时都在用,它就是必需品,要用恰当的方法来保管必需品,以便于寻找和使用。对于必 需品, 许多人往往混淆了客观上的需要与主观想要的概念, 他们在保存物品方面总是采取一 种保守的态度,也就是那种以防万一的心态,最后把工作场所几乎变成了杂物馆,所以对管 理者能而言,准确地区分需要还是想要,是非常关键的问题。 清理非必需品 清理非必需品时必须把握好的是看物品现在有没有使用价值,很重要的一句话是,应 注意使用价值,而不是原来的购买价值,也就是使用价值大于购买价值。要重点清理以下物 品:货架、工具箱、抽屉、橱柜中的杂物,过期的报刊、杂志,空的罐子,已损坏的工具或 器皿,仓库墙角、窗台、货架上,甚至货柜顶上摆放的样品,长时间不用或已不能使用的设 备、工具、原材料、半成品、成品,在你的办公场所、桌椅下面、还有显示写字板上报废的 文具、过期的文件、表格、速记记录等。 非必需品的处理 见下图所示:

图 4-2

非必需品的处理方法

养成每天循环整理的习惯 整理是一个永无止境的过程,现场每天都在变化,昨天的必需品,今天就有可能是多 余的。比如你昨天拿着订书机订了一堆的书面材料,但今天你不订了,这个订书机是不是多 余了,昨天必需的物品,到今天可能是多余的,今天的需要与明天的需求必然有所不同。整 理贵在日日做,时时做,如果仅是偶尔突击一下,做做样子,就完全失去了整理的意义。所 以整理,是一个循环的工作,根据需要而随时进行,需要的留下,不需要的马上放在另外一 边。

具体实例
无使用价值的物品 (1)不能使用的旧手套、破布、砂纸; (2)损坏了的钻头、丝锥、磨石;(3)已损坏而无 法使用了的锤、套筒、刃具等工具; (4)精度不准的千分尺、卡尺等测量器具; (5)不能使 用的工装夹具; (6)破烂的垃圾桶、包装箱;(7)过时的报表、资料; (8)枯死的花卉;(9)停 止使用的标准书;(10)无法修理好的器具设备等; (11)过期、变质的物品。 不使用的物品 (1)目前已不生产的产品的零件或半成品; (2)已无保留价值的试验品或样品; (3)多余的办公桌椅;
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty allevia tion and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt ph ilos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

(4)已切换机种的生产设备; (5)已停产产品的原材料; (6)安装中央空调后的落地扇、吊扇; 销售不出去的产品 (1)目前没登记在产品目录上的产品; (2)已经过时、不合潮流的产品; (3)预测失误而造成生产过剩的产品; (4)因生锈等原因不能销售的产品; (5)有使用缺陷的产品; (6)积压的不能流通的特制产品。 多余的装配零件 (1)没必要装配的零件; (2)能共通化的尽量共通化; (3)设计时应从安全、品质、操作等方面考虑,能减少的尽量减少。 造成生产不便的物品 (1)取放物品不方便的盒子; (2)为了搬运、传递而经常要打开或关上的门; (3)让人绕道而行的隔墙。 占据工场重要位置的闲置设置 (1)已不使用的旧设备; (2)偶尔使用的设备; (3)领导盲目购买的,没有任何使用价值的设备。 不良品与良品分开摆放 (1)设置不良品放置场; (2)规定不良品的标识方法; (3)谁都知道那是不良品; (4)工作岗位上只能摆放当天工作所需的必需品; (5)规定不良品的处置方法和处置时间、流程。 减少滞留,谋求通道畅通 (1)工场是否被零件或半成品塞满; (2)工场通道或靠墙的地方,是否摆满了卡板或推车。 【自检】
调查需要物品的使用频率,决定日常用量。 物品 使用次数 一年没用过一次 也许要用的物品 三个月用一次 一星期用一次 三天用一次 每天都用 基准表 使用次数 判断基准 是必需品还是非必需品

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nt s of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge resear ch, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyme nt, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd to wns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble f or resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassro ots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d i ndustrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous det ermination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opport unities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, fo cusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementat i on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriat e a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t ha t new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

一年没用过一次 也许要用的物品 三个月用一次 一星期用一次 三天用一次 每天都用

废弃、放入暂存仓库 放在职场附近 放在工程附近 放在使用地 放在不需移动就可以取到的地方 放在离工作场所最近的显眼处

【自检】
制订一份每天的整理计划,并严格地按照计划来执行,如有可能,再制订一周的或一个月的整理计划。

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 【本讲总结】 整理,是一个日日在做,天天要做的一项工作,是每天循环的一个过程。永远要区分 出哪些是该用的,哪些是不该用的。区分出哪些是必需品,哪些是非必需品,对于非必需品 要时时刻刻地进行清理。 要区别开非必需品是有价值的, 还是没价值的, 养成一种好的习惯。 整理是一个永无止境的过程,每天都要循环整理,这个企业才会不断地进步。 【心得体会】 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

第 5 讲 整顿的推进重点
【本讲重点】
整顿的含义 整顿的作用 推行的要领 推行整顿的步骤 具体实例

整顿的含义

图 5-1

整顿含义图

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty allevia tion and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt ph ilos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

特别说明: 整顿其实也就是研究如何提高效率的科学。它研究如何能立即取得 物品或放回原位。任意决定物品的摆放必然不会使你的工作速度加快, 它只会让你的找寻时间加倍。我们必须思考分析如何拿取物品更快并让 大家都能理解这套系统,遵照执行。

整顿的作用
△提高工作效率;将寻找时间减少为零; △异常情况(如丢失、损坏)能马上发现; △非担当者的其他人员也能明白要求和做法; △不同的人去做,结果应是一样的(已经标准化)。

整顿是一种科学,它已定出了标准化,谁到这个工作岗位,什么东西放在哪里已变成 一种习惯。整理工作没有落实必定会造成很大的浪费。通常有以下几种: ● 寻找时间的浪费; ● 停止和等待的浪费; ● 认为本单位没有而盲目购买所造成的浪费; ● 计划变更而产生的浪费; ● 交货期延迟而产生的浪费。 在杂乱无序的工作环境中,如果没有做好整理和整顿工作,会使我们找不到使用物品, 造成时间和空间的浪费, 同时还可能造成资源的浪费与短缺, 使一些品质优良的物品沦为 “废 品” ,使废品堂而皇之地躺在重要的位置。下面可以用一个图来表示物品摆得杂乱无章,造 成工作人员寻找物品时显露的种种姿态。

图 5-2

寻找物料百态图

推行的要领
所以在这种情形下,就要加强整顿和整理工作,而在整顿过程中,有以下几个要领: 要领之一:彻底地进行整理 ①彻底地进行整理,只留下必需物品;
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nt s of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge resear ch, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyme nt, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd to wns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble f or resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassro ots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d i ndustrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous det ermination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opport unities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, fo cusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementat i on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriat e a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t ha t new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

②在工作岗位只能摆放最低限度的必需物品; ③正确地判断出是个人所需还是小组共需品。 要领之二:确定放置场所 ①放在岗位上的哪一个位置比较方便?进行布局研讨; ②制做一个模型(1/50) ,便于布局规划; ③将经常使用的物品放在工作地点的最近处; ④特殊物品、危险品必须设置专门场所并由专人来进行保管; ⑤物品放置要 100%的定位。 要领之三 :规定摆放方法 ①产品按机能或按种类来区分放置; ②摆放方法各种各样,例如:架式、箱内、工具柜、悬吊式,各个岗位提出最适合各 自工作需要的想法; ③尽量立体放置,充分利用空间; ④便于拿取和先进先出; ⑤平行、直角、在规定区域放置; ⑥堆放高度应有限制,一般不超过 1.2 米; ⑦容易损坏的物品要分隔或加防护垫来保管,防止碰撞; ⑧做好防潮、防尘、防锈的三防措施。 要领之四:进行标识 采用不同色的油漆、胶带; 用地板砖或栅栏来划分区域。 通道最窄的宽度,人行道,人走的地方最少要 1 米以上;单向车道的宽度为,最大的 车宽再加上1.8米;双向车道的宽度为,最大车宽乘以 2 再加上 1 米。这些都是通过 5S 整 顿的这种数据规范,才能够感觉到一目了然。区分的各种标识,有绿、黄、白、还有红线。 绿色的叫通行道,或者它是摆放良品和固定永久性设置标志。色线的含义有以下几种:①黄 线,它是属于那种可移动的设置,也是一种临时的摆设;②白线就是作业区;③红线就是不 良区跟不良品。 开车的同仁可能都有这样的一种感觉, 当您的车子送到有规范的保修厂去维 修时,您就会看到有绿、有黄、有白、红等几种颜色线。那么,这些都代表什么?白线,它 是标识着这里是作业区,红线标识着这里摆设不良品,红线是不良区,或者叫做不良品。一 些管理规范的公司,它对于产品作业的要求,或者说搬运时要注意事项,或者说一些特别的 事情,都会在产品上注明。 颜色表示区分: ①黄色:一般通道、区域线 ②白色:工作区域 ③绿色:料区、成品区 ④红色:不良区警告、安全管制 具体用何种颜色还要视底色而定!

推行整顿的步骤
第一步:分析现状 第二步:物品分类 第三步:决定储存方法 第四步:实施 步骤一:分析现状 人们取放物品时为什么时常会花很多的时间,或者说是人们取放物品的时间为什么会 那么长,追根究底有几个原因: ●他不知道物品存放在哪里?

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty allevia tion and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt ph ilos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

●他不知道要取的物品叫什么? ●存放地点太远; ●存放的地点太分散,物品太多,难以找到; ●不知道是否已用完,或者别人正在使用,他找不着。 把这些原因归纳起来进行分析后所得到的结论就是对于现状没有分析,所以在日常工 作中必须对必需物品的名称、物品的分类、物品的放置等情况进行规范化的调查分析。找出 问题的所在,对症下药。在进行分析的时候,从物品的名称,物品的分类,还有物品的放置 这几个方面进行规范化。 步骤二:物品分类 在整顿时,要根据物品各自的特征进行分类,把具有相同特点或具有相同性质的物品 划分到同一个类别,并制订标准和规范,确定物品的名称,标识物品的名称。 步骤三:决定储存方法 对于物品的存放,一般应进行定制管理。根据物流运动的规律性,按照人的生理、心 理、 效率及安全的需求来科学地确定物品的场所和位置, 实现人与物的最佳结合的管理方法。 ● 定制管理的两种基本形式 ◆固定位置。 场所、物品的存放位置、标识等三方面的含义都要固定。 ①场所的固定:如这个物品应该摆在红线或白线所在的位置; ②物品标识固定:如这个物品是防潮?或轻放; ③物品存放的位置要固定:也就是这个东西固定存放的位置。 ◆自由位置。 与固定的方式相比,物品的存放有一定的自由度。 这种方法适用于物流系统中的那些不用放回去,不重复使用的物品,比如原材料、毛 胚、零部件、半成品等等。 这些物品的特点就是按工艺流程的顺序规定,不停地从上一道工序供需到与它相连的 下一道工序这样一种供需的流动,一直到最后生产出成品出厂。 所以,对于每个物品来说,在每一道工序的供需加工以后,一般不再回归到它原来所 在的场所。这些物品的定制标识可以采用可移动的牌价,可更换的插牌标识,以便于清晰地 对不同物品加以区分,不同位置的划分也可以采用可移动的线条或衔接支架来加以分 割,表示位置暂时固定,标识与定制管理,标识是在人与物,物与场所的作用过程中,起着 一种指导控制、确认的作用。 在生产中使用的物品,种类非常的繁多,规格也很复杂,它们不可能都放在操作者的 手边,如何找到需要的信息来源,指导和控制,为了便于寻找和避免混放,也需要有信息来 确认,因此在定制管理中逐步完善。准确而且醒目的标识是十分重要的,如果没有准确而又 醒目的标识,它就影响到人与物以及场所的效率结合的程度。 ● 推行定制管理,一般的展开有几个程序: ①对现场进行管理,明确管理内容: ◆人与机的联系; ◆物流的程序; ◆工艺设计; ◆作业空间; ◆物料、制品; ◆工位的器具; ◆质量的安全; ◆搬运、运输; ◆中转的库房; ◆摆置的状况; ②分析问题,提出方案。 主要分析以下这些问题:如人、物是不是结合,现场的物流是不是很通畅,现状的状 况是不是很清晰, 现场的标识是不是一目了然, 空间的利用是不是可以增大?分析之后再进 行定制设计,为了达到工厂布置的详细化,合理化。除了简单明了的搬运路线以外,必须要
livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nt s of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge resear ch, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyme nt, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty alleviation and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd to wns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble f or resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassro ots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d i ndustrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous det ermination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opport unities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, fo cusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt philos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementat i on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriat e a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t ha t new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

做到几个最。 最优的空间利用,最短的运输距离,最少的装卸次数,最确实的安 全防护,最大的操作便利,最少的心情不畅,最小的改进费用,最广的统 一规范,最佳而又灵活的弹性,最美的协调布局。 步骤四:实施 按照决定的储放方法,把物品放在该放的地方,不要造成有些物品没有家。包括:① 工作场所的定置要求;②生产现场各工序、工位、机台的定置要求;③工具箱的定置要求; ④仓库的定置要求;⑤检查现场的定置要求,都要有明确的规定来按照这些规定,进一步具 体地实施。

具体实例
整顿应遵循以下原则:小就是美,简单最好! 简单要素包括: ●一套齐全的工具、文具; ●文件存放在一个地点; ●储存一份副本; ●无纸化; ●只开一小时的会议; ●一分钟电话; ●今天的工作今天做。 简单最好,简单,意味着简化操作和促进管理。通过废弃不必要的物品和增加必要的 物品可以避免重复现象,以便提高工作效率。这里所说的简单要素,就是尽量地限制每人所 使用的文具和工具,每人最多就是一套。对于使用频率不高的文具,如绳线和大号的订书机 等,可以让整个办公室共用一套,文件存放在一个定点,把文件集中存放在一个地方,这样 做,会减少必要文件的数量,采用较好的文件储存方法,尽量地获得文件,限制文件的分发 数目,这样既能加快收回文件的速度,又可减少管理的难度,而这种方法对已经实施计算机 办公的办公室来说至关重要。 在储存的过程中,最好无纸化,对于那些没有文件就不能工作的人,也要尽可能地限 制分发给他文件数量。 如果你采用的是电子邮件系统, 最佳的策略就是把电子邮件系统作为 一种日常工具来创造一种无纸化的工厂。任何事情,越简单越好,一分钟的会议,一分钟的 电话,今天的工作今天做。时时刻刻地做整理,每一刻都在做最有效率的整理,这些就称为 整顿。今天的工作今天做,这样将会大大地减少代办的工作量,缩短处理工作时间,减少文 件传运的部门或人的数量,尽可能地利用电子邮件。 【自检】
学了今天这节课,请你试着用我们介绍的方法,对您的办公用具及办公环境进行一次自我整顿活动。 对象 通道 设备 成品、零件、半成品 模具、夹具 工具 不良品、整修品 清扫工具 包装材料 账票类、档案类 空容器、搬运台等 标示 定位

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nts of the Central, pr ovincial, res olutely wi n the poverty battle. T he previ ous phase I to 18 stations, Tahe, Pine Ri dge research, visite d many of the poor, go, the heavie r, more pre ssur e. For poverty relief and development w ork, we must pay attention t o it, always in mi nd, gras ping hands, s hould not be blindly optimistic, t here ca n be no s lack. Poverty alleviati on a nd development li es in pre cise, a ccurate. Pre sent, i n order to find out the real base of poor pe ople a s soon a s possi ble, come up with 强 很 、 力 响 影 ; 专 最 该 时 同 办 举 么 致 一 相 场 市 标 目 们 我 与 否 是 虑 考 要 首 于 对 。 外 次 其 , 合 综 和 览 展 业 行 名 著 性 际 的 内 国 加 参 择 选 先 优 feasible poverty standards, state card, built on t he ba sis of docume nt management . To firmly establis h the " poverty reducti on" concept, increase t he inte nsity of res our ce integration, a nd relate d funding, with limite d funds wi sely. By usi ng a combi nation of empl oyment, e ntrepre neurs hip for poverty eradication poverty eradi cation, educati on, poverty all eviation, medi cal aid of poverty means, due to effects of poli cies, those poli cies, e ns ure the com pletion of missi on obj ectives for poverty eradicati on for t he year. To actively promote t he constr ucti on of new t owns. I n February t his yea r, promulgate d by the State Council on furt her pr omoting urba nization constructi on of new opi nions, propos ed to a dhere to t he people-centere d, four moder nizati ons synchronizati on, optimizati on, e col ogy civ ilization and cultural heritage of new urba nization pat h with Chi nese characteristi cs. A ccor ding t o distri ct-wi de constructi on of civiliz ed city and the beautif ul country side, f urther stre ngthe ning of urba n transport, water supply a nd drainage a nd sewage, waste dis posal ground, underground, s uch as infrastructure construction, strive to create a safer and m ore livable environment. To a ctively seize t he full st op a nd opportunities for poverty allevia tion and dev elopment, further efforts to increa se forest villages merge, population to the County (distri ct) Council sites a nd centre s concentrated i n villages a nd towns . Com bine d devel opme nt of urban constructi on a nd t ourism i ndustries, careful pla nni ng and constr ucti on of a number of suita ble for resi dential a nd farm tour towns a nd v illages, f orming one village one product, a feature pattern. Closer to the ma sses. Si nce last year, our i n-dept h implementati on of the leadi ng ca dres of grassr oots mas ses at w ork, solve t he pr oblem s of a large number of people, get the mas ses give w hole hearted support to and prais e, this w ork will carry on, abs olutely cannot or movement. Grassroots masse s and ca dres in com bination wit h poverty re duction, com bine d with the stea dy work of

letters and calls, a nd do pra ctical t hings for t he masse s com bine g ood, effective through rea chi ng pe ople at the servi ce of the "last mile". T hird, foster t he devel opme nt of new e nergy, new G eneral Se cretary XI Ji npi ng stresse d devel opme nt of innovation forest restructuring, revitalization of the ol d industrial bases i n Northeast Chi na is the State's maj or strategy, Central ha s iss ued compr ehe nsive opi nions of revitalizi ng Nort heast China and other old i ndustrial ba ses, t he CPC Ce ntral Committee on revitalizati on in Nort heast China w ere ... V igorous determination does not waver, the w ork does not sl acken off. Be firm with in the devel opment has more t o do with har d, and not muddle al ong, passiv e ina ction. To re ly on t heir ow n efforts, ca n't wait, ca n't wait, stand still. T his not only pr ovides new opportunities for development in our regi on, a nd gave us ne w requirements. We must s eize the opportunity, full use of national policy, ha s to be m ore com plicate d, to start and target, give full play to t he initiative of leadi ng ca dres at all level s, active, active, focusi ng on building new moment um for devel opment , accelerating transformation of forest devel opment . To im plement t he ne w devel opme nt ph ilos ophy. Phi los ophy is the action gui de, new ideas a nd new deve lopme nts. Carrying out innov ation, coor dinati on a nd development of green, ope n, s hared i deas, must be mea surabl e, dire ct acti on wit h ne w devel opme nt concepts, trai ning ca dres. In a new development concept a s a yardsti ck. Esta blished i n line w ith the new conce pt of evaluati on system a nd eval uation criteri on, embodies the new devel opment poli cy, organizati on, ma ndate im plementation, always mea sure d by the new devel opment phil os ophy, conti nuous correction of forest transition course. In a new development concept for t he pat h comma nd. A s part of the implementati on of the ne w devel opme nt philosophy followe d and acti on gui deli nes, firmly adj usted, corre cted a nd rej ect uns uitable , ina ppropriate a nd eve n agains t the new devel opment i deas, be haviors a nd practi ces, more pragmatic approa ch base d on a br oad visi on, and creatively carry out e col ogica l construction, industrial devel opme nt, improvi ng pe opl e's liveli hood, such as t he w ork to ensure t hat new devel opment i deas take root in forest area s. I n a new dev elopment concept for wea pon traini ng ca dre. Educati on lea ders "in t he ne w, nothi ng" two articl es, e nha nci ng vitality and power. Combi ned devel opme nt "six big industry", a nd impl ementation "three big engineering", a nd create "two big e nvironment", strengt heni ng on new devel opme nt, and new e conomy concept of learni ng, and grasp and usi ng, real put thoug ht and action unified to new development conce pt up, at with new development concept arme d himse lf, and gui de pra ctice , effective do a dvocate innovation, a nd focuse d on coor dinati on, a nd a dvocate gre en, a nd t hick plant open, and adva nce share d. Second, we must rely on Scie nce a nd te chnol ogy affects. Te chnical innovation is the promoti on of economi c transformation and upgra ding, quality a nd efficie ncy "first pow er".

搬运器 搬运车 橱柜 下脚、残料 物料、消耗性物料 材料

说明:对各种设备或办公用品及活动场所即整顿活动的对象都应进行标示,标明它的 使用方法,放置位置、产品名称、注意事项,以示分类。对每一种物品给它定好位,予以划 线。 【自检】
制订一份每天的整顿计划表,并严格地按照计划进行实施。如有可能,再制订一份一周的或一个月的 整顿计划书。

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 【本讲总结】 整顿是整理的进一步,整顿是以整理为前提和基础的。在日常的工作过程中,要做好 整顿工作,从我做起,从身边的每一件小事做起,从每一点一滴做起,做好自主管理。为创 造优美的工作环境而努力。通过整理、整顿,使空间得到最佳利用。使运输距离得到缩短, 减少装卸次数,确实做到安全防护。最终达到操作便利,心情舒畅,费用最少,形成统一规 范、和谐的环境布局。 【心得体会】 ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________

第 6 讲 清扫的推进重点
【本讲重点】
清扫的含义 清扫的作用 推行的要领 清扫的步骤 具体实例

清扫的含义
将岗位变得没有垃圾、灰尘,干净整洁,将设备保养得非常好,创造一个一尘不染的 环境。

livelihood, i s related to people's w ell-being a nd social harmony and stabilit y. We need t o prote ct and improve the livelihood of the people as the starting point a nd e ndi ng point of transiti on a nd impr ove forest pe ople' s feeling and ha ppi nes s. To prom ote poverty relief a nd development work . Impl ementing poverty alleviation cr ucial proje ct is a major strategi c de cisi on made by the CPC Central Committee, is als o determine d by the provi ncial "first project", we must unify thi nking a nd a ction to the re quireme nt s of the Central, pr ovincial, res

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